"Novoe Proshloe/The New Past" (NP) is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes articles in Russian and English on history, cultural anthropology, philology and related fields of social and humanitarian knowledge, without regional and chronological limitations.
The journal is a platform for critical discussion of theoretical and empirical problems, as well as for analysis of modern methodological and methodical approaches to understanding the phenomenon of the past.
On the pages of the journal are published materials - articles, reviews and overviews, and sources, where the past is viewed as a subject of constant processing within the framework of academic and non-academic practices. Of particular interest, there are factors and mechanisms of "the past construction", as well as the context of this process. “Novoe Proshloe/The New Past” focuses on the social, cultural, cognitive, political and technological processes that influence the way individual and group consciousness reflex the past. The analysis of professional and non-professional historical consciousness in this sense is of equal value.
Although the epistemological and empirical significance of historical consciousness has been repeatedly emphasized in humanitarian studies on individual and group identity, as well as cultural, political and social groups at different levels, there is still a significant gap in theoretical reflection on historical consciousness and historical memory. In this regard, more attention is paid to the methodological and theoretical issues of understanding the phenomenon of the past on the tranches of the journal.
We strive to be interesting to our readers, staying within the framework of academic discourse. Realizing the conventionality of disciplinary boundaries in Humanities, we use literary allusions in the subjects of issues as a way of raising the profile of academic problems. These literary allusions refer to timeless connection between history and literature as well as to permanent narrativisation of historical knowledge.
The Editorial Board accepts papers for publication in the following areas of research:
- Phenomenon of the past and identity;
- academic practices of representation of the past;
- mass historical representations in different epochs;
- symbols of the past and their role in the functioning of historical consciousness;
- historiographical schools and trends, and their characteristics;
- historical memory and historical oblivion, factors of their formation;
- politics of memory, tools and mechanisms for managing the past;
- collective trauma and its role in the reflection on the past;
- documents and archives, techniques of working with them;
- biographies and shaping of historical consciousness.
The journal publishes reviews and overviews devoted to various problems in Humanities. Copies of books for reviews are to be sent to the address:
Russian Federation, Rostov-on-Don, 344006
105/42 Bolshaya Sadovaya Street
"Novoe Proshloe/The New Past" Editorial Board
Institute of History and International Relations.
The scientific journal "Novoe Proshloe/The New Past" has been published since 2016. The founder and publisher of the journal is "Southern Federal University" (Legal address of the publisher: 344006, Russia, Rostov region, Rostov-on-Don, Bolshaya Sadovaya street, 105/42, http://sfedu.ru).
The frequency of the publication is four times a year in the form of thematic issues. The annual program for the next calendar year is published starting from the second issue of the current year.
The scientific journal “Novoe Proshloe/The New Past”:
«The Government Inspector» (1/2021). In this issue, we propose to continue the discussion that we started earlier about the features and patterns of development of the Russian Empire (2/2019 - “A Map of Homeland”). The authors are going to focus on the reports of governors (governor-generals, viceroys) of the Russian Empire and materials of senatorial audits. These clusters of documents contain factual and statistical material that is still largely unexplored by historians, that represent the Romanov Empire in all its diversity. In Russian historiography, certain traditions of studying these sources have developed. At the same time, some aspects of their content were not addressed. In particular, no attempts were made to compare them using examples of various macro-regions of Russia at the end of the 18th – 19th centuries. Governor reports and senatorial audits contain information on the forms and methods of control of regional administrations by the center, on communicational channels between the capital departments and governors, and on their competitive opposition. They provide an opportunity to trace the process of formation and evolution of the governance characteristics in the provinces and outskirts of the Russian Empire. These and other subjects are the focus of the issue. The name of the issue is an allusion to the famous work of N.V. Gogol and is a metaphor for the contradictory interactions between imperial institutions, filled with conflicts and mutual misunderstandings. On the other hand, it is also a metaphor for the revision of the established scientific ideas about the potential of the selected sources.
«I Have Come to Give You Freedom» (2/2021). The novel by V. Shukshin, the name of which gave the title to our issue, was devoted to the Razin's movement - either the anti-feudal “peasant war” or the “Cossack rebellion” - and his leader, Stepan Razin, either "a thief and a traitor ... and a murderer", or a "dashing ataman" whose feats were celebrated in the bandit songs. The Will, understood as active freedom, as the right to act in accordance with one's desires and aspirations, is one of the key concepts of the Russian worldview. However, active freedom is also one of the main intellectual and political fetishes in the history of humankind. We plan not to limit ourselves to the “rebel age” in Russian history and Stenka Razin’s comrades. The focus of our interest is the entire repertory of religious, intellectual and social movements, appealing to freedom as the main value - from the ancient "slave rebellions" to the countless contemporary "emancipations" and irredentist projects. Also, the issue is about the people who make up the human dimension of these movements - from ideologists and leaders to ordinary "inconspicuous" participants. In addition, of course, it is about the contexts - temporal, regional, and sociocultural - that determine originality and similarity of the events and make them a fact in the history of humanity.
«War of the Worlds» (3/2021). Herbert Wells' "War of the Worlds" was chosen as the literary allusion of the issue. We propose to abandon the established Soviet connotation of the war of the worlds as a confrontation between the capitalist and socialist camps and present it as a metaphor for the pivotal moment in the history of humanity, the clash of civilizations. Like Herbert Wells, who witnessed the destruction and disappearance of Victorian England, the world that we know is disappearing in front of our eyes, and humanity is on the verge of a “new normality,” which still requires reflection and interpretation. Within the framework of the issue, we expect to start a discussion about historically given vectors and global trends in international relations, special features of the decision-making process within the framework of coexistence of traditional and non-traditional actors, strategies and mechanisms of cooperative actions in the context of global uncertainty that the modern system of international relations is experiencing. The focus of the issue is the transformation of ideas about the "center" and "periphery" in international relations alongside the axes West-East and North-South, the behavior of actors in the new political "environments" and the digitalization of international relations in general. We also hope to discover the outlines of that “new normality” that could serve as a representation of the new system of relations.
«The Man. In the case?» (4/2021). The issue is devoted to the anthropological dimension of socialist and post-socialist societies. The questions what was a "Soviet man" and how the “socialist type of personality” is reproduced in the post-socialist era are continuing to interest generations of scientists. In the academic writings the idea that the ideological confrontation between the USSR and the countries of the West, especially during the Cold War, predetermined the worldview of a modern man was widespread. In this historiographic tradition, a person in a socialist and post-socialist society appears to be practically identical to the Chekhov's "man in the case" - a closed person who is wary of the outside world. At the same time such a narrow understanding of the socialist personality puts researchers of Russian history in a difficult position, because Soviet people - by citizenship, education and self-consciousness - were involved in a wide variety of forms of activities, not necessarily corresponding to the officially recognized features of the “socialist type of personality”, and have a lot in common with the modern type of personality. During the Cold War many Soviet people had a craving for fashion, Western pop and rock music, alternative scientific theories and eastern martial arts, abnormal sexual identities and practices, had a keen interest in international life and persistent adherence to the religious rituals. In this issue of "Novoe Proshloe/The New Past, we invite researchers to discuss issues related to the formation of a socialist man and socialist society in the context of the Cold War, which include not only ideological and political confrontation, but also new forms of communication through the Iron Curtain and the emergence of the global knowledge society. We also expect a discussion about the "closeness" and "openness" of socialist societies, as well as the discussion about the place and role of “socialistic” in the modern world.
«History of Kazan» (1/2022). The allusion used in the topic refers to the events of 1552, the conquest of Kazan by the troops of Tsar Ivan the Terrible and its reflection in historical memory. After the fall of the Kazan Khanate, we can talk about the beginning of a new stage in the history of the qualitative expansion of Russia and its relationship with the Turkic khanates - the heirs of the Golden Horde. However, the issue is not only about this. After the collapse of the Golden Horde, its historical fate did not stop. On its former territory, “hereditary” khanates and Hordes arose, which continued the Golden Horde ethnopolitical, cultural and civilizational traditions. In these states, many of the canons of governance and traditions established in previous two centuries were preserved, and new ethnic communities were formed – the ancestors of many modern nations.
The Crimean Khanate and the Moscow State were the most powerful and competitive in the struggle for the geopolitical inheritance of the Golden Horde. The Turkic domains in Eastern Europe in the XV–XVII centuries (Kazan, Astrakhan, the Greater and Lesser Nogai Hordes) gravitated towards either of these two poles, changing their adherence from time to time. The Qasim Khanate that was completely dependent on the Russian monarchs as well as the Siberian and Kazakh khanates located far on the east occupied a special place in this system.
The planned issue is supposed to highlight various aspects of the relationship between all these entities. We want to study the most relevant aspects of such a large topic as “Russia and the Turkic world” and present the modern views of historians regarding the situation in the post-Horde space. We also plan to attract information from newly discovered sources, show controversial and unresolved research problems, trace the evolution of military-political and cultural relations between Russia and various khanates, including the history of their cultural transfers and ideas about each other. General chronology of accepted articles for the issue is XV–XVIII centuries.
«Idealists and Realists» (2/2022). The theme of the issue refers to the title of the once popular novel about the era of Peter the Great, written by Daniil Lukich Mordovtsev. The author of the novel, nicknamed the “Russian Walter Scott”, saw in the conflict between supporters and opponents of the Petrovsky reforms a continuation of the old Russian dispute about power. Is it an end or a means? Should power serve people – for their salvation, happiness, or simply well-being, or, on the contrary, a person is obliged uncomplainingly sacrifice oneself to the Moloch of sovereign power? Is it appropriate for the ruler to restrain himself by subordinating himself to the moral and religious imperatives (“ideals”), or is the pragmatics of power (“realism”) the universal justification for his actions? We consider that this polemic, which began long before Peter the Great and has not been over yet, is the leitmotif of the intellectual and political history of the Russian state. We propose to analyze not only the positions of the parties in this dispute, but also the influence of the authorities on it. To actualize this aspect of the problem, we consider it necessary to draw the attention to a symbolic date. Exactly five centuries ago, in 1522, as a result of direct intervention of the authorities, the first Russian ideological and political discussion of a nationwide scale was terminated. Years of dispute between the Josephites and the Non-possessors ended only when one of the parties convinced the authorities of their readiness to be its “indulgers”. This is what Andrei Kurbsky called Josephites. He saw in the defeat of the Non-possessors a harbinger of the oprichnina. We suggest reflecting on the twists and turns of the centuries-old Russian dispute about power between zealots and indulgers, idealists and realists – no matter how these factions are called at different stages of Russian history.
«The White Man’s Burden» (3/2022). “The White Man’s Burden” of Rudyard Kipling has been chosen as the literary allusion for the journal issue. However, we propose to reject the established notion that “The White Man’s Burden” is simply a slogan of the “white man’s” civilising mission in the colonial era or a symbol of paternalism in British foreign policy. The starting point for rethinking the allusion seems to be the epochal event of the decolonisation – the break-up of British India and the emergence of two independent states, India and Pakistan, which are celebrating their 75th anniversary in 2022. This issue will examine the impact and reflection of decolonisation processes on the present situation in former metropolises and colonies in terms of the complex and multidimensional social, political, economic life. We examine decolonisation and the “white burden” through the prism of a shared traumatised past, multiple contemporary representations of the decolonisation consequences, policies and practices of inequality. It is no secret that we now live in a world where previously oppressed populations (ethnic or racial groups) seek revenge on formerly ‘white’ majority society. In this issue we hope to open up a discussion of the impact of decolonisation on the development of contemporary societies both in the West and the East, to outline the specifics of the inverted guilt and responsibility of both “white man” and “oppressed” populations.
Each of special topics will cover no less 25% of the volume. Editorial Board hope on these topics as perspective for the journal progress. The journal enlargement is thought as mutual development together with our authors.
The main journal topics are Theme of the Issue, Theory and Methodology, Articles and Reports, Discussions, Sources, Reviews, Academic Life.