“Revolution in Historiography”: the Transformation Concepts in Russian Scientific Traditions

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Abstract. The article is devoted to the history of constituting, existence, peculiarities of the use of the concept of “historiographical revolution” in the Russian historical science. According to the author’s observations, having originated within the Soviet historiographical tradition, the concept was used as an additional tool for studying critical moments in the history of historical knowledge, without proper theoretical study. The 1990s did not become the time of popularity of the concept, as the broader concept of “scientific revolution” lost its popularity. A significant place in the work is given to the theory of B. Mogil’nitskii, which influence on the perception of the historiographical process of the second half of 20th–beginning of 21st century as the current historiographical revolution. It is concluded that the dualism of its interpretation of the revolution contains the epistemological limits of further development of this model. In our opinion, a characteristic feature of modern statements about the concept is the continuing dependence on the T. Kuhn’s ideas. The current position of the concept is the result of the crisis of the metaphor of the revolution itself. Today, science hardly needs a universal category of “historiographical revolution”. Further prospects of its use may be related to the understanding of the revolution as a “condition”, and to the application of a local approach to the history of science.

Keywords: revolution in historiography, M. Barg, B. Mogil’nitskii, T. Kuhn, anticumulative, case study, constructivism.

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