To participate in the discussion, we invited various representatives of Humanities. The philosophers, ethnologists and historians, representing diverse scientific and cultural centers of Russia, responded. Philosopher A.N. Erygin fruitfully explores the history of the civilizational approach formation in historical and philosophical works on the example of a major scientific problem “East-West-Russia”. Orientalist V.O. Bobrovnikov studies the history of the European concepts of Orient (Orientalism), the transfer of colonial knowledge between Russia and other empires, the relationship between Oriental and orientalism in Russia, the history of its eastern margins. V.I. Kolesov is an expert in history and ethnography of various ethnic groups in the Caucasus of XVIII–XX centuries. He studies the processes of their «construction» on examples of Hamshen Armenians, Circassians, Pontic and Mountain Greeks, Mountain Jews, etc. communities. His focus is on their identities, conditioned by the Russian and Ottoman imperial traditions and methods of administration in the Caucasus, the Soviet national policy of “rooteness” (“corenizacii”). Philosopher and historian A.V. Lubsky proposed a multidimensional methodological construct of comparative local-civilizational research. He is also engaged in a comparative study of Western European, Russian, Islamic, Indo-Buddhist and Confucian civilizations.
Keywords: East, West, Europe, discussion, concepts, orientalism, culture, cultural models.