Abstract. The article focuses on the analysis of historical politics in the era of Xi Jinping. In the article, the author tries to classify official documents regulating the new historical politics. The article is an attempt to verify a hypothesis that new historical politics aimed at creating a common mnemonic space contribute to the creation of unique Chinese identity, “community of shared future for mankind”, and are designed to single out specific narratives that unite and hold the nation together. Based on the analysis of historical politics as a “top-down command approach”, characterized by its instrumentalization, the author tries to outline the framework for using historical myths in the field of “memory politics” in the interests of the Chinese Communist Party. The main conclusion of the article is that the processes taking place in modern China, associated with the changes in the "historical politics" carried out by the CPC, mark the return of China as a "world power". The narrative of the victory, enshrined in legislation and in Chinese discourse, is directed both “inward” (in order to switch the memory mode: from victim’s memory to the memory of victors) and “outside”, emphasizing the key role of China in the victory over the world fascism.
Keywords: historical politics, cultural memory, history, power and society, China, identity.