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How Do the Historical Events Become Memorable Dates? The Normative Dimension of the Memory of the Past in the North Caucasus at the Turn of the 20th–21th Centuries

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Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of the legal and regulatory basis for festive and mourning events in the North Caucasus the basis for which are historical events. For this purpose, the main laws of representative authorities of the national republics of the North Caucasus, decrees of the President of the Russian Federation and heads of regions, resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation, acts of power of legislative and executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation were reviewed and analyzed. The acts of power regulating celebrations related to the search for a “constituent event” (joining Russia, acquiring national statehood, etc.) and traumatic events of the past were studied. Attention is drawn to the practice of selecting historical events for commemorative dates, justifying them and initiating adoption in the form of a legal norm. Article also states the importance of representatives of the professional scientific community and the public in this process. It is concluded that the adoption of normative and legal acts on festive or mourning events based on the exploitation of images of the past is one of the main mechanisms for transforming historical events into commemorative dates.

Keywords: historical memory, commemorative dates, images of the past, historical narrative, memory policy, regulatory act, North Caucasus.

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