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Stateinye Spiski of the Russian Ambassador P.A. Tolstoy in Istanbul: History of Creation and Archival Fate

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Abstract. In the first quarter of the 18th century, a system of permanent missions at European courts was formed, and stateinye spiski as reporting documents of the Russian ambassadors began to lose their significance. The diplomats of Peter I did not transfer, or delayed for several years the transfer of their reports to the Ambassadorial office (prikaz) (later to Collegium of Foreign Affairs). The first Permanent Representative of Peter I at the Sublime Port P.A. Tolstoy (1702–1710) handed over stateinye spiski and its short copies for 1701–1709, which previously stored in his office, to the Collegium of Foreign Affairs only in the spring of 1720. Tolstoy destroyed stateinyi spisok for 1710 in Istanbul before his arrest. Analysis of correspondence between P.A. Tolstoy and the College of Foreign Affairs gives the opportunity to suggest that work on restoring stateinye spiski for 1710 began in 1721 in St Petersburg. In the archival collection of the Panins – Bludovs (RGADA. f. 1274), fragments of stateinye spiski of 1709 and 1710 were preserved as a manuscript copy of the second half of the 18th century. The codicological analysis and the study of the text of the manuscript made it possible to conclude that in the second half of the 18th century, draft and incomplete versions of stateinye spiski of Tolstoy for 1709 and 1710 were copied. A study of the originals and copies of stateinye spiski of Tolstoy, as well as the associated set of archival documents, allows us to clarify the clerical practice of the Ambassadorial office (prikaz) (Collegium of Foreign Affairs) of Peter’s time.

Keywords: stateinye spiski, Russian-Turkish relations, Peter I, P.A. Tolstoy, Ottoman Empire, Russia, Codicology.

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