Fragments of a Mirror: The Turkic-Tatar Khanates in Search of Their Way after the Collapse of the Jochi Ulus

About author Download2

Abstract. The collapse of the Golden Horde (Jochi Ulus) is shown in the article as a result of numerous historical situations that arose in the vast expanse of Eurasia. The article is also devoted to identifying trends associated with the emergence and development of the post-Horde khanates, formed after the collapse of the Jochi Ulus. Emphasis is placed on the fact that its historical fate then did not stop. It is shown that the “hereditary” khanates that arose on the territory of the former Golden Horde continued the latter’s ethno-political, cultural and civilizational traditions. Many of the canons of government, social and cultural traditions laid down in the previous two centuries were preserved in these states. It is noted that the “inertia of unity” of the entire post-Horde space played an important role in the history of the new khanates. It is concluded that with all the relics of the unity of the Golden Horde, one cannot help but see a growing trend towards the mutual estrangement of the post-Horde states from each other. The contradictory trends in the development of the khanates identified by the authors are presented against the background of the relations of the “new” Turkic-Tatar world with the Moscow (Russian) state. The parties actively influenced each other not only militarily. In the middle of the 16th century, with the conquest of the Kazan Khanate, a new stage began in the relationship between Moscow and the post-Horde khanates, the ambivalent assessments of which were organically reflected in Russian literature of the second half of the 16th–17th centuries, including «the Kazan History», popular in the Russian society.

Keywords: discussion, Golden Horde, historiography, “Kazan History”, Muscovy, post-Horde states, Russian literature, Russia, Tatars, Turko-Tatar khanates, Ulus Jochi.

For citation: Sen’ D.V., Trepavlov V.V. Fragments of a Mirror: The Turkic-Tatar Khanates in Search of Their Way after the Collapse of the Jochi Ulus, in Novoe Proshloe / The New Past. 2022. No 1. Pp. 8–26.

The article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).    

Back to the list