Abstract. Conceiving the discussion as part of a specific thematic issue (“Kazan History”), the publishing editors proceeded from the fact that after the fall of the Kazan Khanate in 1552, a qualitatively new stage began in the history of the territorial expansion of Russia in an easterly direction and its relations with the Turkic khanates, the heirs of the Golden Age. Hordes. We believed that the discussion could also be organized in the context of typological reasoning that after the collapse of the Golden Horde (Ulus Jochi), its historical fate did not stop, that it gave rise to numerous new historical situations that developed in the vast expanse of Eurasia in the 15th–18th centuries. In particular, “hereditary” khanates and Hordes appeared in the post-Horde space, actively shaping a new experience of interaction with the growing Muscovite (Russian) state, which could not be reduced to military confrontation (or so-called aggression). The evolution of the military-political and cultural relations between Russia and various khanates is evident, including the history of their cultural transfers and ideas about each other. The contributing editors drew the attention of the discussion participants to the forms and methods of Russia’s spread of its influence on the states of the "new" Turkic-Tatar world and even to the justification of its claims to its territories. The materials of the presented discussion highlight various aspects of Russia’s relations with the Turkic khanates, which occupied an important place in the culture of its (self)presentation; the modern views of historians on the debatable issues of incorporation of the territories and population of the Turkic khanates conquered by Russia into its space are presented. In addition, the actualization of the “Golden Horde narrative” in the public consciousness of Russia after 1991, correlated with the modern politics of historical memory, was actively discussed.
Keywords: discussion, Golden Horde, foreign policy, historiography, memory politics, Muscovy, post-Horde states, Russia, Tatars, Turko-Tatar khanates, Ulus Jochi.