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Interdisciplinary Measurements of Anthropology of the “Soviet Man” of the Cold War Period

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Abstract. When the editors conceived the issue’s theme, they proceeded from the anthropological dimension of socialist and post-socialist societies. Relying on the historiographical literature, we have raised the question of the legitimacy of understanding the socialist man of the Cold War period according to the formula of A.P. Chekhov as a “man in a case”, closed and wary of the outside world. The hypothesis of the discussion was that Soviet people – in terms of citizenship, education and selfawareness – had a lot in common with the inhabitants of other modern societies: they had a craving for fashion, Western pop and rock music, alternative scientific theories and martial arts, sexual identities and practices different from the norm, a keen interest in international life, etc. In this regard, we raised questions about how the ideological and political context of the “cold war” influenced the development of Soviet man, whether it is possible to assert the immutability of the main features of the socialist way of life in this period. Finally, what features of “Sovietism” have been preserved in post-socialist societies, can they actually be called “post-socialist”, and, in general, what is the place and role of the ”socialist” in the modern world.

Keywords: Soviet man, socialist personality, Soviet society, late Soviet society, socialist society, Cold War, society, power, ideology, history of the USSR, historical memory.

For citation: Mokhov S.V., Ponomareva M.A., Fokin A.A., Chernyavskaya Yu.Yu., Chuev S.V. Interdisciplinary Measurements of Anthropology of the “Soviet Man” of the “Cold War” Period, in Novoe Proshloe / The New Past. 2021. No. 4. Pp. 214–272. DOI 10.18522/2500‑3224‑2021‑4-214-272.

The article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).    

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