Abstract. Rare archival materials about Provincial Medical Board were considered in this article. The main activities of the Medical Board are discussed. Basing on the archive documents and literary sources the author examines the life of the first Nizhny Novgorod pharmacist yegor Christianovich Eveneus. The first pharmacy was opened in 1781 in the center of Nizhny Novgorod. It existed more than a hundred years. One of his sons became a well-known surgeon and ophthalmologist, a Moscow professor. Particular attention is paid to the life of the surgeon Georg yegorovich Evenius in this article. Geogr Egorovich Evenius was a very qualified doctor. Many famous Nizhny Novgorod residents addressed him. Some new facts of Evenius’s activities were discovered during the research. For example, G.E. Eveneus worked on a voluntary basis in the statistical committee of Nizhny Novgorod. His brother, Christian Egorovich Eveneus, supplied medication to the educational house for free. The author, summing a wide range of facts and expert views, presented the data about the activities of the Eveneus’ family. It was revealed that Eveneuses (doctors and pharmacists) actively participated in the development of the healthcare system in Nizhny Novgorod.
Keywords: Nizhny Novgorod, Medical Board, Eveneuses, surgery, XIX century, biography.