Abstract. The article covers a comparison between municipal policy implemented by Viennese social-democrats and Bolsheviks in the interwar period. The main focus is put on the personnel policy, building policy, architectural and urban concepts. The article gives a brief description of the circumstances in the transition of the Austrian SocialDemocracy toward the concept of Red Vienna, as well as the relationship between the SDAPDÖ and the Bolsheviks. Based on Otto Bauer heritage, the role of municipal policy problems in the theory of Austro-Marxism is revealed. The most important components of the Viennese Social Democrats’ housing policy are covered: the law on the tenants protection, the law on the demand for housing, construction program. Exterior and interior of apartments constructed within the framework of this program are considered. Also attention to the settlement movement is paid – an alternative to the construction program of the city authorities and variations on the city garden theme. The article also considers the episode of the Julius Tandler biography, one of the main reformers of Red Vienna, who visited the Soviet Union in 1936 and signed the contract with the People's Commissariat of Health of the USSR. There a Tandler’s comment is also provided on the Soviet system, where the historical destiny of Red Vienna and the USSR are compared.
Keywords: Red Vienna, Interwar Austria, USSR, Municipal Policy, Otto Bauer, Julius Tandler, Building Policy.