Yugoslavia, Middle East and Creation of the Non-Aligned Movement

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In the years after World War II, the Middle East had very important place in Yugoslav foreign policy. There are three phases in the evolution of Yugoslav foreign policy in that region. During the first phase which lasted from the end of World War II to 1948, Yugoslavia had certain reservations in relations with this region. Long period which started with the fondation of Jewish state was marked with the development of close political, military and economic relations with Israel and approach to Egypt after gradual solution of the problems in mutual relations caused by Yugoslav contacts with banished Egyptian communists. Egyptian military revolution in 1952, and the beginnings of orientation of Yugoslav foreign policy toward the creation of wider movement of non-aligned countries caused Yugoslav decision to develop closer relations with Arab countries. The improvement of relations with Arab countries worsened the contact with Israel. These were the beginnig of Yugosalv middle eastern policy which was one of the determinating characteristics of Yugoslav foreign policy. Middle Eastern crisis in 1967 left severe consequences on the relations with the Middle East and on the global international relations. However, the emerge of the crisis in the socialist world in 1968 and the confrontations in the Far East especially because of the war in Vietnam along with the transition of the problem solving process of the middleeastern crisis in slower negotiating phase led to lesser Yugoslav interest in the sanation of the consequences of the Middle Eastern crisis.

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